Jefferson Transcription 101

Bays, C., Thomas, C. (Writers) & Fryman, P (Director). (2007). How I met everyone else [Television series episode]. In C. Bays & C. Thomas (Producers), How I Met Your Mother. Los Angeles, CA: CBS.

For a more thorough tutorial, check out some written resources, such as:

Hepburn, A. & Bolden, G. (2017). Transcribing for social research. London: Sage.

Hepburn, A. & Bolden, G. (2013). The conversation analytic approach to transcription. In J. Sidnell & T. Stivers (eds.), The Handbook of Conversation Analysis (pp. 57-76). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.

Bolden, G. (2015). Transcribing as research: ‘Manual’ transcription and conversation analysis. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 48(3), 276-280.

And the always-classic paper by the original inventor:

Jefferson, G. (2004). Glossary of transcript symbols with an Introduction. In G.H. Lerner (ed.), Conversation analysis: Studies from the first generation (pp.13-23). Philadelphia: John Benjamins. (Find this paper here:

See more online tutorials here:

Paul ten Have’s summary of online resources:

Charles Antaki’s online tutorial:

Emanuel Schegloff’s online tutorial:


Ligthning Bugs [sic] by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (


Sophomore Make-out by Silent Partner.


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